First phase

During the first phase of treatment, our goal is to develop the jaw size to reposition the teeth in an attempt to accommodate all of the permanent teeth and relate the upper and lower jaw to one another. The first phase of active orthodontic treatment is at an age when permanent and baby teeth are both present. The duration of treatment is approximately 6 to 12 months. 

A solid foundation

As your child is growing rapidly, they will benefit enormously from early treatment using appliances. This is the case as the growth of the upper and lower jaws may be directed. This provides a good foundation and gives enough room for the eruption of all permanent teeth. Early correction may prevent later removal of permanent teeth to correct overcrowding or any surgical procedures to align the upper and lower jaws. 

Reducing treatment time

Early treatment can also decrease the time necessary for the second phase of treatment. Leaving a malocclusion untreated until all of the permanent teeth have erupted could result in a jaw discrepancy too severe to allow an ideal result with braces alone. 

Orthodontic records are necessary to determine the type of appliances to be used, the duration of treatment and the frequency of visits. Records consist of models of the teeth, radiographs and photographs.

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